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Historical Timeline of 1900's

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TIMELINE 1902-1967

A Day in Langston Hughes Life 1902-1967

World Timeline

1903 - WRIGHT BBROTHERS FIRST FLIGHT

1906 – SAN FRANSICO EARTHQUAKE

1914 - WORLD WAR I 

1917 - U.S. ENTERS WORLD WAR I 

1918 - WORLD WAR I ENDS 

1919  - THEODORE ROOSEVELT DIES

1923 - GERMAN MONEY HYPER INFLATES

- HITLER’S BEER HALL COUP ATTEMPT FAILS

1919 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES, 19TH AMENDMENT

- HITLER SENTENCED TO JAIL, begins his autobiography MEIN KAMPF

1929 - STOCK MARKET CRASHES

 - THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGINS

1930 - HITLER’S NAZI PARTY gains majority of PARLIAMENTS

1931 - HITLER BEGINS TO TAKE POWER IN GERMANY

- WORST OF DEPRESSION, of population is unemployed

1932 - FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT ELECTED PRESIDENT

1933 – FDR INAUGURATED “100 DAYS”

- HINDENBURG ASSIGNS HITLER as CHANCELLOR 

1934 -  HINDENBURG DIES, HITLER DECLARES HIMSELF PRESIDENT  -  “ FUEHRER” 

1936 - FDR RE-ELECTED AS PRESIDENT

- GERMANY AND ITALY SIGNS “AXIS” TREATY 

                -(JULY) SPANISH CIVIL WAR

1937 - German airship HINDENBURG ERRUPTS IN FLAMES, NEW JERSEY 

1939 – (APRIL) SPANISH CIVIL WAR ENDS

- (SEPTEMBER) WORLD WAR II STARTS IN EUROPE with German Invasion of Poland. In just five weeks Poland surrenders to Germany

                -THE GREAT DEPRESSION ENDS

1940 -  (May) Germany invades Belgium, Holland, and France – Churchill becomes P.M.

- (May 30) British evacuate Dunkirk, FRANCE

- (June) FRANCE SURRENDERS TO GERMANY

1941  - (June) GERMANY INVADES RUSSIA

- (DECEMBER) JAPANESE ATTACK PEARL HARBOR – U.S. DECLARES WAR ON JAPAN

- HITLER DECLARES WAR ON U.S.

1942 - (January) – Germans begins retreat from Moscow area

- (May)  British planes bombs Cologne, Germany

- (May) U.S. SURRENDERS Philippines to Japan

- (June) Battle of Midway, Japanese Fleet retreats with heavy losses

- (August) American Marines lands on Guadalcanal beginning “island hopping” assault against Japan

- (September) Battle of Stalingrad begins

- (November) Americans march into North Africa

1943 - (January) FDR and Churchill meet in Casablanca, North Africa

- U.S. continues “island hopping” offensive against Japan

- (February) Germans surrender in Stalingrad

- (July) Allies lands in Sicily

- British bombs Hamburg, killing over 100,000

- (September) Italy surrenders

- (November) FDR, Churchill and Stalin gathers at Teheran, Iran 

1944 - (January) Soviet troops arrives in Poland – Allies land in Italy at Anzio

- (June 6) D-Day

- (October) MacArthur’s lands in Philippines

1945 - (February) Dresden, Germany bombed

- (April) U.S. troops land on Okinawa (near Japan)

-  FDR DIES

- (May) GERMANY SURRENDERS

- (June) U.N. Charter Signed

- (August) U.S. DROPS ATOMIC BOMBS

 - Russia DECLARES WAR on Japan

- Japan SURRENDERS

- (November) War Crimes Trials begin in Germany

1946 - U.S. troops in Korea, replacing Japanese

- PHILIPPINES GAINS INDEPENDENCE FROM US

- East Germany is occupied with Communist government

1947 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American major league baseball player

1948 - Peacetime draft

- Harry S. Truman is re-elected

- Berlin Airlift

- Communist Parties spreads to the rest of Soviet, occupies Europe 

1949 - NATO established

- U.N. headquarters sited in New York

- U.S. supported Greek, defeating Communists in civil war

- South Africa prohibits interracial marriages

- Communist Chinese drive Nationalists to Taiwan

- USSR develops Atomic Bomb 

1950 - U.S. recognizes Vietnam

- McCarthyism

- U.S. bars trade with China

- Korean War starts, North Invades South – UN intervenes

1951  - 22nd Amendment

- Rosenburgs FOUND GUILTY of passing on ATOMIC BOMB SECRET TO RUSSIA

- Churchill again elected P.M. of Britain  

1952 - King George VI dies; Elizabeth becomes Queen

- Eisenhower and Nixon elected as President and Vice President

1953 - U.S. provides military aid to France to suppress Vietnam freedom fighters

                - Rosenburgs EXECUTED

1954 - Brown v. Board of Education 

1955 - U.S. begins economic aid to South Vietnam

- Montgomery Bus Boycott

- Women ordained in Presbyterian Church (women priest)

- Churchill resigns as British P.M.

- U.S. Supreme Court orders IMMEDIATE desegregation of schools 

1956 - Eisenhower and Nixon re-elected

- Anti-Communist Revolution in Hungary OPPRESSED by Soviet troops

1957 - Gov. Faubus of Arkansas deploys National Guard troops to prevent de-segregation of Little Rock High School

- Congress passes Civil Rights Act  

1958 - First Xerox machine made

- Soviets  satellite “Sputnik”

- DDE sends U.S. Marines to Lebanon to suppress Arab nationalists.

1959 - Alaska and Hawaii become states

- Castro comes to power in Cuba

- Khruschev visits U.S. 

                - (March) Ho Chi Minh DECLARES A PEOPLE’S WAR too unite all Vietnamese

1960 - Lunch counter sit ins begin in South (beginning of “Civil Rights Movement”

- Castro confiscates U.S. property in Cuba; U.S. begins embargo

- Soviets launch dogs and mice into space and bring them back alive.

- Kennedy and Johnson elected President and Vice President 

1961 - US INCREASES INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM

- U.S. breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba

- U.S. supports abortive “Bay of Pigs” invasion of Cuba

- JFK institutes the Peace Corps

- Berlin Wall constructed

- CORE attempts to desegregate interstate bus lines

- Black Muslims advocate black power and separation of races 

1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis.

- Military coup (with U.S. approval) overthrows Diem in Vietnam 

1963 - KENNEDY ASSASSINATED

- Oswald shot by Jack Ruby – country “stunned” Lyndon Johnson becomes President.

- Medgar Evers – NAACP worker is killed

- France VETOES British entry into Common Market

- U.S. Nuclear submarine with 129 aboard is lost in Atlantic Ocean

1964 - Lyndon B. Johnson re-elected

- Gulf of Tonkin inccident

1965 – RACE RIOTS in Watts are in L.A.

- 5 million color TV’s

- Malcolm X ASSASINATED

                - US. Military sends first wave of troops to Vietnam

1966 - Race riots occurs in many major cities

- African American Edward Brooke is elected U.S. Senator from Massachusetts  

1967 - More race riots

- Vietnam war continues to escalate

- Thurgood Marshall, first African American on U.S. Supreme Court.

- First heart transplant

- Black mayors elected in Cleveland, Gary, Indiana and Ohio

 

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Langston Hughes Timeline

 

1902 – February 1, James Mercer Langston Hughes was born, Joplin, Kansas

1906 – Mom, Grandma, and Hughes moved to Mexico to re-unite family

1908 – Moved back to Topeka, Kansas since things didn’t work out with his father

1909 – Young Langston was left with hid grandma as mother searched for jobs

            - Attended Pinckney School

1914 – Grandma dies

            -Langston lived with the Reeds

1915 – Moves to Lincoln, Illinois with mom and step dad

-entered middle school, Central School

1920 – Graduated from Central High School in Cleveland, OHIO

1921 – Visited his father in Mexico

1921- Attended Columbia University, majoring in engineering to get tuition from father

            -Published “The Nigger Speaks of Rivers” in Crisis magazine

1922 – Dropped out of college

1923 – Boarded a steamship heading to West Africa and worked as a steward onboard

1925 – Returned to U.S.

            -moved in with mom in Washington, D.C.

            -worked as a Busboy at Wardman Park Hotel and met Vachel Lindsey

            -after meeting Lindsey, his poetry career started

1926 – Attended Lincoln University

            -First book “The Weary Blues” published with the help of Carl Van Vechten

            -Hughes essay "The Nigger Artist and the Racial Mountain" made headlines

1929 – Graduates from Lincoln University with B.A. Degree

1930 – Published first novel,Not WithoutLaughter, won the Harmon Gold Metal

1932 – Employed by Soviet government to be a writer in Moscow as a motion picture writer

1937 – Published “Fine Cloths to The Jew”

1943 – Lincoln University awards Hughes an honorary Litt.D.

1953 – Forced to appear the House of Un-American Activities but was not found guilty

1960 – NAACP awards Hughes the Springarn Medal

1961 – Hughes was inducted in the National Institute of Arts and Letters

1963 – Howard University awards Hughes an honorary doctrine

1967 – May 22, Langston Hughes dies from abdomen surgery

            -Cremated and was set beneath the foyer of Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Harlem